Ecosystem services

Test your knowledge about ecosystem services/eco-benefits in Lake Peipsi region!
An ecosystem is a community of living organisms in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment, interacting as a system. Ecosystem services or eco-benefits are services and goods, in short the benefits that each ecosystem offers to man, society and the economy. Ending the goods or services offered by an ecosystem will decreasy the quality of human life.

Eco-benefits are divided into four groups:
  • Provisioning benefits/services- goods that people can consume directly. For example, food, animal feed, medicinal plants, drinking water, washing water, irrigation water, fiber, energy, wood, air, etc.
  • Regulatory benefits - services that affect people in the appropriate towards climate, water, air and soil quality, water resources, floods, but also pollination.
  • Support services - services from ecosystems such as metabolism, soil formation, photosynthesis, habitats.
  • Cultural benefits/services - this is an opportunity to rest, relax and play sports in nature, gain new knowledge and gain inspiration to practice art .
 

Put your knowledge to the test!

If you want to improve your knowledge choose STUDY QUIZ from the menu: it contains 20 questions and short stories explaining the biodiversity of Lake Peipsi and the environment. The study quiz can be answered again if the answer is incorrect. If you answer correctly on your first attempt, you earn 2 points, and if you answer correctly on your second attempt, you earn 1 point.

If you want to put your knowledge to the test against a friend, choose QUIZ COMPETITION from the menu: here you have to answer 20 questions in 100 seconds. You can answer each question only once in the quiz competition. If you finish faster than that and all the answers are correct, the remaining seconds will be added as a bonus. If you run out of time, you will get points for the correct answers submitted within the 100 seconds.

The European Commission’s support for the production of this quiz does not constitute an endorsement of the contents, which reflect the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

The Erasmus+ programme of the European Union enables adult educators to develop innovative material together, share its didactical competencies, make learning experiences abroad and create European networks. For more info see the website of the National Agency in your country, https://ec.europa.eu/programmes/erasmus-plus/contact/national-agencies_en

Project code: nr.2019-1-DE02-KA204-006510


More about the project: http://ctc.ee/activities-and-projects/running/inspiring-for-biodiversity



Margit Säre

Peipsi Center for Transboundary Cooperation
margitsare@gmail.com
tel 3725088409



Õige vastuse korral siristab
Kiivitaja
Vale vastuse korral kraaksub
Rästas-roolind
Veebiviktoriini koostasid: Aija Kosk, Margit Säre ja Ederi Ojasoo


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What is ecosystem?


What is ecosystem?

Make your choice. On first try you get 2 and on second try 1 point.

What is an ecosystem service or eco-benefit?


What is an ecosystem service or eco-benefit?

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Most often, eco-benefits are divided into four groups: supply benefits, regulatory benefits, support benefits and… What is the fourth group?


Most often, eco-benefits are divided into four groups: supply benefits, regulatory benefits, support benefits and… What is the fourth group?

Make your choice. On first try you get 2 and on second try 1 point.

What ecological benefits do decaying leaves offer?


What ecological benefits do decaying leaves offer?

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To which group of eco-benefits belong the vegetables shown in the photo next belong?


To which group of eco-benefits belong the vegetables shown in the photo next belong?

Make your choice. On first try you get 2 and on second try 1 point.

Fish belongs to the group of provisioning benefits. What activities are decreasing the fish stocks in the world?





























Fish belongs to the group of provisioning benefits. What activities are decreasing the fish stocks in the world?

Make your choice. On first try you get 2 and on second try 1 point.

To which group of eco-benefits does recreational fishing belong?

























To which group of eco-benefits does recreational fishing belong?

Make your choice. On first try you get 2 and on second try 1 point.

Cranberry belongs to the group supplying ecological benefits. However, to which group of eco-benefits belongs walking in a swamp on picking cranberries?


Cranberry belongs to the group supplying ecological benefits. However, to which group of eco-benefits belongs walking in a swamp on picking cranberries?

Make your choice. On first try you get 2 and on second try 1 point.

The power produced by rivers by falling or fast-running water belongs to the group supplying ecological benefits. How is it called?
































The power produced by rivers by falling or fast-running water belongs to the group supplying ecological benefits. How is it called?

Make your choice. On first try you get 2 and on second try 1 point.

Nature is often a source of inspiration. What group of eco-benefits does inspiration from nature belongs to?


Nature is often a source of inspiration. What group of eco-benefits does inspiration from nature belongs to?

Make your choice. On first try you get 2 and on second try 1 point.

Cultural benefits are generally defined as the opportunity to relax in nature, get inspiration, and gather new knowledge. Which of the following benefits belongs to this group?






Cultural benefits are generally defined as the opportunity to relax in nature, get inspiration, and gather new knowledge. Which of the following benefits belongs to this group?

Make your choice. On first try you get 2 and on second try 1 point.

There are many different eco-benefits in forests. When talking about a habitat service, whose place of residence is meant.

























There are many different eco-benefits in forests. When talking about a habitat service, whose place of residence is meant.

Make your choice. On first try you get 2 and on second try 1 point.

The causes of climate change are both natural and increasing levels of anthropogenic greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere. Which of these gases is not GHG?





































The causes of climate change are both natural and increasing levels of anthropogenic greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere. Which of these gases is not GHG?

Make your choice. On first try you get 2 and on second try 1 point.

Forests sequester carbon dioxide (CO2), which is one of the greenhouse gases. What is the process by which growing plants sequester CO2?




































Forests sequester carbon dioxide (CO2), which is one of the greenhouse gases. What is the process by which growing plants sequester CO2?

Make your choice. On first try you get 2 and on second try 1 point.

Which of our activities contributes the most to greenhouse gas emissions?
























Which of our activities contributes the most to greenhouse gas emissions?

Make your choice. On first try you get 2 and on second try 1 point.
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Did you know?
Ecosystem

An ecosystem is called through nutritional relationships associated organisms and environmental conditions that constitute self-regulatory and developing whole.

In short, an ecosystem is a kind of area of biology together with components of this cycle. Specifically, an ecosystem is an area of organisms and a network of relationships and interactions that encompass their environment. The ecosystem consists of living and non-living elements of nature that are close to each other in connection.

Ecosystem characteristics:
  • The ecosystem is one of the levels of wildlife organization.
  • Ecosystem species are concentrated at different trophic levels.
  • Quantitative differences in trophic levels are characterized by ecological pyramid. Ecosystems change over time and evolve.

Source: https://www.hariduskeskus.ee/opiobjektid/loodusained/?%C3%96KOLOOGIA___%C3%96KOS%C3%9CSTEEM

https://et.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%96kos%C3%BCsteem






















https://slideplayer.com/slide/5255582/
Did you know?
Ecosystem services or eco-benefits
Eco-benefits is meant goods and services, ie the benefits that ecosystem offers to individuals and businesses. More specifically, eco-benefits are all these material things and intangible phenomena that increase human well-being and business profits. The benefits, for example The lake ecosystem offers is actually a considerable number. For example, it supplies us with food (fish, aquatic plants, etc.), regulates water quality (cleans the lake wastewater), provides habitat for different species (fish, aquatic plants and animals) and offers people the opportunity to relax (swim, fish, watercraft move, etc.). All the things and phenomena listed above are called eco-benefits and they all increase our well-being. When impoverished and disappear ecosystems, eco-benefits will also disappear. If we want to maintain our well-being, then we need to either manage ecosystems prudently or try to find them quickly provide them with alternatives through science and technology. Why it was introduced the expression "eco-benefit"? It is hoped that by describing the ecosystems derived from it through benefits, people far from nature understand better why it is needed to preserve and protect ecosystems.

Sources:

https://novaator.err.ee/258844/uhe-minuti-loeng-mis-on-okosusteemiteenused



Did you know?
Eco-benefits

Eco-benefits are divided into four groups:
  • Provisioning benefits/services- goods that people can consume directly. For example, food, animal feed, medicinal plants, drinking water, washing water, irrigation water, fiber, energy, wood, air, etc.
  • Regulatory benefits - services that affect people in the appropriate towards climate, water, air and soil quality, water resources, floods, but also pollination.
  • Support services - services from ecosystems such as metabolism, soil formation, photosynthesis, habitats.
  • Cultural benefits/services - this is an opportunity to rest, relax and play sports in nature, gain new knowledge and gain inspiration to practice art .

Source:

https://www.envir.ee/et/looduse-huved-ehk-okosusteemiteenused




















https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Types-of-ecosystem-services_fig1_40102803
Did you know?
Soil formation

Soil organic matter formation is an ecosystem benefit that belongs to the group of support benefits. Soil formation (in other words also pedogenesis) is a physical, chemical and biological processes complex in which rocks crumble and form an inorganic part of the soil and the biological material decomposes, and forms an organic part of the soil. Soil formation is mainly influenced by climate (including precipitation, temperature, wind), but also properties of source rocks, soil relief, plants, fungi and bacteria. Soil organic matter or humus is formed by a variety of deposits deposited on the ground decaying trees (thorns, leaves, cones) and plant debris, ie rot. Humus is food for both plants and soil biota.

Allikas: https://www.taskutark.ee/m/mulla-teke-ja-areng/



Did you know?
Onion and garlic
Onions and garlic belong to the group of provisioning benefits/services.

Both onions and garlic are valued worldwide vegetable plants and irreplaceable food spices. Food is consumed in both soils developing onions as well as green leaves. 

Growing both vegetables history is very long. Both in ancient times, both plants were also used as medicine. For example, the Indians used garlic as an antidote for stomach bites, the Egyptians as an infusion, the Chinese for blood pressure as a killer, and in medieval Europe it even treated the plague.

Today, onions and garlic are used in folk medicine mainly for the treatment of colds or the relief of respiratory ailments.


Source: https://kodus.ee/artikkel/siiruviiruline-sibul-millist-kasvukeskkonda-eelistab-harilik-sibul

https://tervisliktoitumine.ee/kuuslauk-on-kulluslik-imetoit/

Did you know?
Running out of fish

A third of commercial fish stocks are being harvested at biologically unsustainable levels and 90 percent are fully exploited, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization. The population of Pacific bluefin tuna, for instance, has plunged 97 percent from historic levels due to rampant overfishing of one of the ocean’s most ecologically and economically valuable top predators.

Source: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/sea-running-out-of-fish-despite-nations-pledges-to-stop

























Did you know?
Recreational fishing
Recreational fishing is hobbies and for many, it is the best possible way to spend a holiday. It is a hobby that can only be practiced in nature, on or near a body of water. It is important to know where, when, and by what means a recreational fisherman may fish. Catches from recreational fishing may not be sold or bought. The fish caught are intended only for the catcher's table. Recreational fishing is generally chargeable.

 

More information: https://www.keskkonnaamet.ee/et/eesmargid-tegevused/kalastamine/harrastuspuuk



Did you know?
Picking cranberries

Cranberries walking is no longer just about picking berries. If necessary, buy berries from the market or store. Cranberry procession is something much more. It's on the one hand a self-test as you go comes to the swamp - a completely different place from everyday life. This is an opportunity to stay alone or with good companions outside your usual routine. It's time to himself and to himself. Opportunity to take time off and calm your nerves for free color, aroma, and ozone therapy. As a bonus, moderate exercise.



Did you know?
Hydropower

Hydropower is also known as water power, is the use of falling or fast-running water to produce electricity or to power machines. This is achieved by converting the gravitational potential or kinetic energy of a water source to produce electrical or mechanical power. Hydropower is a method of sustainable energy production.

Since ancient times, hydropower from watermills has been used as a renewable energy source for irrigation and the operation of mechanical devices, such as gristmills, sawmills, textile mills, trip hammers, dock cranes, domestic lifts, and ore mills. A Trompe, which produces compressed air from falling water, is sometimes used to power other machinery at a distance.

Hydropower is now used principally for hydroelectric power generation, and is also applied as one half of an energy storage system known as pumped-storage hydroelectricity.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydropower


Did you know?
Inspiration

Getting inspiration from nature belongs to the ecosystem group of cultural goods. The natural environment is very closely linked to visual culture. Photo artist Maiu Kurvits has written in Nature Friend No. 3 of 2003: “Nature has always been the greatest source of inspiration of any kind for the creators of visual culture. All kinds of initial pulses usually come from nature. Rural people are united by a similar background and connection with nature. If they later settling in cities and spending most of their time indoors, they are extremely busy and reserved. However, they have a memory of nature. If they occasionally get back into nature, so they try to do it as much as possible save and store a lot for themselves. A photo is the first option for this purpose. "(Ref.)

Source: http://vana.loodusajakiri.ee/loodus/artikkel299_294.html



Did you know?
Cultural benefits/services

The group of cultural eco-benefits is very wide. These include nature intangible benefits such as recreation in nature, aesthetic pleasure, sports, and mental health development, mental experiences, incl. inspiration collection for art creation, research, and learning. Nature is all of humanity has been associated with culture, been a source of inspiration, influenced throughout history language, art, and religion.

Allikas: Cultural Ecosystem Services / IUCN



Did you know?
Habitat service

Ecosystems provide plants and habitats for animals. There are an extraordinary number of species in some habitats that make them genetically more diverse than others; they are called biological diversity. Tropical, temperate and Boreal forests offer a great deal to plants, animals and microorganisms diverse habitats. In many poorer countries, forests provide more than 10% GDP The tree shown in the photo offers itself habitats for various birds and animals, mosses and lichens, insects and their larvae, fungi and bacteria, etc.

Source: http://www.fao.org/ecosystem-services-biodiversity/background/supporting-services/en/
































Did you know?
Greenhouse gases and their impact on global warming

Greenhouse gases (GHG) are gases in the Earth's atmosphere that cause the greenhouse effect by preventing heat from escaping from Earth into space. with long-wave heat radiation. Heat radiation radiated from the ground is the absorbed atmosphere in GHGs and re-emitted to the atmosphere. This is how the part circulates from long-wave radiant energy between the ground and the atmosphere, energy transfer from the planet decreases, and the temperature of the atmosphere increases. 99.5% of the atmospheric gases are three gases, nitrogen (N2), oxygen (O2) and argon (Ar), which do not cause a greenhouse effect. Earth greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are in order of importance: water vapor (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), laughing gas (N2O), methane (CH4) and ozone (O3).

 

Siurce: https://et.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kasvuhoonegaasid
Source: https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Fclimatemed.com%2F2020%2F06%2F02%2Fthe-concepts-related-to-the-climate-science-explained-as-simply-as-possible-series-concept-no1-the-greenhouse-gas-effect%2F&psig=AOvVaw3t9_w_WHWNAj884LiIzWgQ&ust=1629352275515000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CAoQjRxqFwoTCPjs-LHwufICFQAAAAAdAAAAABAD












Did you know?
Photosyntesis
Photosynthesis belongs to the group of support benefits. Green plants get the organic they need for their lives synthesize the substance itself. They use carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O). Plants receive CO2 from the air and water through their roots from the ground. The energy needed for synthesis is obtained from the sun and chlorophyll or the plant pigment, which contributes to the absorption of light, is present in the plants themselves. The equation describing the process of photosynthesis is as follows: 6CO2 + 12H2O = C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H2O























Source: https://www.science-sparks.com/what-is-photosynthesis/

Did you know?
Combustion of fossil fuels

Fossil fuels are non-renewable mineral resources such as oil, natural gas, oil shale, peat, etc. Burning fossil fuels for energy is released atmospheric carbon that would otherwise have been deposited in fossil fuels mineral resources. Estonia is a major emitter of greenhouse gases oil shale. Oil shale is one of the energy sources used so far in Estonia the main which is why we are also the world's largest emitter of CO2 in the forefront.

 

More information: https://www.kliimamuutused.ee/pohjused-ja-tagajarjed/pohjused/fossiilkutuse-poletamine